Non-Genetic People Zhu Chengchao's Lacquer Journey: Let Chu Lacquer Skills Reappear

Posted time: 2019-12-24 09:40 source: Hubei civilization network

Zhu Chengchao is studying lacquer works.

On December 18, at the opening ceremony of Xiaomi's Wuhan headquarters, a set of 1.9-meter-high tiger phoenix drums attracted attention: two crouching tigers crouched on their backs, each with a phoenix and a big drum tied to the phoenix crown , "M" in the center of the drum head is the finishing touch, revealing joy and auspiciousness.

This set of tiger phoenix phoenix drum with rich Chu culture flavor is from the hand of Zhu Chengchao, the inheritor of folk craftsmanship in Hubei Province. 53-year-old Zhu Chengchao has studied Chu lacquer decoration skills for more than 30 years. He is the heir to the intangible cultural heritage of Hubei Province. With his unremitting efforts, the ancient Chu lacquer technique was carried forward.

Copy of Zeng Hou's Box

Zenghou Yigai Bean

Successfully copied national treasure-level cultural relics

Bright color, lightweight carcass, agile patterns, detailed carvings ... When you enter Zhu Chengchao's studio in the southern suburb of Zengdu District, Suizhou City, you will find a wealth of exquisite classic lacquer works. Painted lacquered dragons, lacquered lacquer ware, Zenghou Yigai beans, 鸳鸯 color boxes ... These lacquer ware artifacts with obvious cultural symbols have been perfectly resurrected after being copied by Zhu Chengchao.

Zhu Chengchao is the seventh-generation heir to the Chu-style lacquer decoration. From an early age, he learned to make lacquerware with his father. "We are the ancestral craftsmanship, which is taught by the older generation." Zhu Chengchao said.

The lacquerware reproduction process is very particular. Craftsmen must have both historical and archeological knowledge as well as skilled craftsmen; they must have skilled pen and ink skills, as well as fine art painting. On Zhu Chengchao's work desk, there was a yellowed page "Selection of Cultural Relics Unearthed from the Tomb of Zenghou Yi of the Warring States Period". "There are more books in my family. To do this, you must always learn historical knowledge." Zhu Chengchao paid attention to starting from daily life, accumulating comprehensive literacy, and collecting and organizing a large amount of information about Zeng Chu's historical relics. Shinji.

Zenghou Yigai Dou is a national treasure-level cultural relic unearthed from the tomb of Zenghou Yi. For more than 2400 years, it is exquisitely made and has complicated craftsmanship. It is a difficult problem to reproduce this artwork successfully. Zhu Chengchao took the initiative to challenge. He consulted a large amount of data, reprinted no less than a hundred pictures, and hand-drawn sketches. After two years of exploration, he broke through technical difficulties encountered in the selection of materials, embryo making, carving, lacquering, etc., and was successfully copied in 2006. Since then, Zhu Chengchao has made persistent efforts, and successfully copied the color box and the once-lost ancient handicraft "pink tire" paint pan.

With the continuous efforts of Zhu Chengchao and his team, the successful reproduction of Zenghou Yigai beans, tincture boxes, painted dragon and phoenix pattern paint plates, etc., has won numerous awards in the national and provincial tourism commodity competitions, and has become one of the province's foreign exchanges. Among the preferred gifts, the provincial and municipal governments have been used as gifts for foreign affairs.

On the eve of the 7th World Military Games in Han this year, Donghu Hotel sought out Zhu Chengchao's team and ordered 300 sets of Zeng Chu lacquerware products marked with the bird pattern and "Welcome to Hubei". Rooms, tables, meeting rooms, etc. are very popular. In addition, the reception hall of Tianhe Airport Terminal T1 is filled with Zhu Chengchao's works. "There are more than 20 types of Zenghou Yigai beans, painted dragon and phoenix pattern lacquer pans, tiger seat phoenix drums, etc. The Hubei Provincial Museum has also customized the Zenghou Yi bell rack." Zhu Chengchao told reporters proudly.

Replica Dragon Serpent Petal Lacquer

Duplicate Painted Dragon Paint

From art to daily necessities

Exquisite lacquer ware is of high value for viewing and collection, but it has also been put on the shelf. How to make tall art fly into the homes of ordinary people? In recent years, Zhu Chengchao has been continuously exploring.

He set his sights on the mass lifestyle market, focusing on consumer preferences and developing new products. In design, it not only continues traditional patterns and lines, but also integrates fashion elements into it. In terms of products, from large pieces of art to small pieces of life. In terms of materials, wooden tires are mainly used, and cloth tires, bamboo tires, porcelain tires, silver tires, copper tires, tin tires and other tire qualities are also used. In decoration, not only traditional craftsmanship is adopted, but also fainting and dusting techniques are integrated to make the lacquerware more layered and more visually impactful.

On the exhibition stand of Zhu Chengchao's studio, a paint bowl was addictive, and the light nanmu tire was painted in black and shiny, and a lifelike dragon hovered on it. "This small bowl can withstand a high temperature of about 200 ° C, and is not afraid of falling. It is of high value." Zhu Chengchao introduced that the lacquer ware is resistant to high temperature, corrosion, and water.

At present, Zhu Chengchao has tried to make many lacquer ware daily necessities such as study set, needle storage box, jewelry box, coaster, fruit plate and so on. "The lacquerware can not only be viewed, but also have practical value. It should not just stay in the museum and be placed in glass cabinets. It should become a favorite product in the market, so that the cultural relics can truly come alive and be passed down." Zhu Chengchao said .

In recent years, Zhu Chengchao's lacquerware products have entered many domestic museums and gift companies, and many private companies have come to order. In June of this year, he cooperated with a Taobao merchant in Suizhou to open up sales channels online, and the market responded well.

Zhu Chengchao also worked hard at major exhibitions. The Chu lacquerware he brought attracted the attention of merchants from all over the world. At the Shenzhen Cultural Fair last year, South Korean merchant Jin Qinjiu was fascinated with Chu lacquerware at first sight, and has been in contact with Zhu Chengchao since returning home, hoping to introduce it to South Korea. In November of this year, a Japanese merchant saw the works of Zhu Chengchao and couldn't help it, and immediately ordered tens of thousands of lacquerware food boxes from him.

In order to better inherit the Chu lacquerware process, Zhu Chengchao is actively applying for the “Suizhou lacquerware” geographical indication certification trademark. He also plans to cooperate with universities such as Hubei Institute of Technology to establish a college student internship training base. It is hoped that through cooperation, we will pass on our lacquer ware skills to more young people so that the intangible cultural heritage can be widely spread. (Text / picture Hubei Daily full media reporter Zhao Liangying correspondent Yu Yunlai)

Editor-in-chief: Li Huan
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